Adaptation: In its native habitat, river birch grows well in low and medium elevations and is most common along streams. Cultivar is a more resilient form of American native species. Bloom Time: Spring. Bloom Description: Brown (male) green (female), Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery. These are fast growing trees that are coveted for the peeling bark. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. Fertilize in early spring. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. Noteworthy Characteristics. The leaves are oval, around 1-1/2 to 3 inches long, and 1 to 2 inches wide with slightly serrated margins and are shiny and medium green in color. Zone: 4 to 9 Height: 40.00 to 70.00 feet Spread: 40.00 to 60.00 feet Bloom Time: April to May Bloom Description: Brown (male) and green (female) Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Maintenance: Low Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Rain Garden Leaf: Good Fall Other: Winter Interest Your climate might be too cold for this plant: Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Leathery, diamond-shaped, medium to dark green leaves (1.5-3.5" long) with doubly toothed margins turn yellow in fall. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? Special Features: Deer resistant. Betula nigra. Additional Information: This River Birch has salmon-pink to reddish brown bark. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. Salmon-pink to reddish brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. Most species of birch grow best in cool, northern climates, but do not adapt well to the hot summers of USDA Zones 5-9 and can be short-lived therein. River Birch Tree Facts. Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. Use as a s pecimen or in small groupings in any landscape, and in particular for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low areas. Birches are fast growing trees appreciated for their papery, peeling layers of bark, and river birch is no exception. Beautiful large tree as focal point or shading. Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Noteworthy Characteristics. Bloom Time: Grown for its foliage. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Over time the bark will show a whole host of colors, including orange, gray, lavender and salmon. Best Time of Year to Prune River Birch Trees. The graceful river birch has dark, satiny exfoliating bark in rich shades of brown and pink. This tree sports curling papery bark the color of cinnamon sugar, and diamond shaped leaves that seem to shimmer in the breeze. It is easy to grow, has a vigorous growth rate and improved disease and insect resistance. After pollination, clusters of small, brown winged fruit form in the spring. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. - Narrow, pyramidal growth habit when young. Seldom requires pruning. Densely pyramidal form features glossy green diamond-shaped leaves. Heritage® river birch. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch trees in … Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State. Hardiness: Zones 4 to 9. Facts. They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . The exfoliating bark on this birch species sets it apart in the landscape. Bloom Time/Color: April-May; brown/green Fall Color: Yellow Uses: Specimen, shade tree, rain gardens Maintenance: Low Tree Shape: Pyramidal, round Other: Bronze birch borer resistant, deer resistant. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. One of the most disease-free birches. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. In nature, they are found in flood plains, swamps, and along streams. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. ‘Dura Heat’ is a little more compact than the straight species River Birch and, as the name might suggest, has better heat tolerance. Monoecious flowers appear in drooping, brownish male catkins and smaller, upright, greenish female catkins.Genus name is the Latin name for birch.Specific epithet means black. Weakened birches become vulnerable to the bronze birch borer which typically infects and kills birches stressed by summer heat and humidity. The river birch is monoecious and bears male and female flower clusters called catkins on the same tree. Easily grown average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. The tiny flowers are green or brown and are unimpressive and inconspicuous. No Retailers found within 50 miles of your zipcode. Common Names: River birch. Better disease and insect resistance than other birch species; also very resistant to bronze birch borer. Initially about 2 inches long, the green catkins overwinter on the tree, growing longer in the Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Heat/drought tolerant. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Betula nigra is an Iowa native. Because birch are shallow-rooted, they prefer a location where the soil remains cool and moist while exposing the canopy to ample sunlight (about 6 hours daily). Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Seed grown. Cold Hardiness-20 to -30° F. Sun Exposure: Full sun. Fast grower to 40 feet and taller, 30 feet and more wide. The best time to prune River Birch trees is late summer or early Fall. © 2020 MONROVIA NURSERY COMPANY. One of the most disease-free birches. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. The fruit forms as 3-inch long clusters of seeds called catkins. Important component of the wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks that benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks.. The trunk bark of older mature trees is gray-brown and scaly, exfoliating only slightly, while the trunk bark of young trees exfoliates extensively, becoming ragged with patches of reddish brown, dull orange, or pinkish tan. They have cinnamon-colored bark that peels from the trunk. Leaves: Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Leaf Color: Gold/Yellow Green Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy Often selected as an ornamental tree in the landscape for its beautiful exfoliating bark, and multi-stemmed trunk. River Birch Betula nigra Birch family (Betulaceae) Description: This tree is 40-90' at maturity, often forming a trunk that divides early and developing an irregular crown. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. Foliage matures to a clear butter yellow in fall for outstanding specimen. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. Your climate may be too cold for this plant, SIGN-UP FOR DESIGN INSPIRATION AND UPDATES ON NEW PLANTS, 817 E. MONROVIA PLACEAZUSA, CALIFORNIA 91702-1385, LEGACY OUR STORY NURSERY LOCATIONS SUSTAINABILITY PRESS CAREERS INTERNSHIPS, FIND A MONROVIA PROFESSIONAL BECOME A MONROVIA PRO, CONTACT US FAQs RETURN POLICY SHIPPING INFO HOW TO ORDER ONLINE. Birch trees are lovely, graceful trees with pale bark and bright, heart-shaped leaves. River Birch Growing and Maintenance Tips. Use as specimen or near ponds and wet areas. River birch is monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant) with flowers arranged in catkins. These trees can be grown either with a single trunk or multi-stemmed. Bark more showy than the regular native species. Oval, serrated leaves are dark green in the summer, bright yellow in the fall Exfoliating, cream and tan bark reveals a lighter, inner bark 'Dura Heat', as the name states, has good tolerance to summer heat and drought Bloom Time: April to May While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. An improved variety larger, glossier leaves that turn golden yellow in fall and better exfoliating bark color that provides year round interest. Water Needs: Moist, Well Drained Soil. Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils. River birch are prized trees in Midwest gardens for their four season interest and aesthetics. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. Design Ideas Tolerates moist areas. Growth Habit: Pyramidal to Round. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. Winter bark is pinkish-orange in color and shaggy textured with prominent exfoliation well suited to night lighting. Botanical Name: Betula nigra. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Sun Exposure - Sun About Heritage River Birch Clump. It is fast growing and provides shade about as quickly as any tree can. Height: 40-70 ft Width: 30-50 ft Soil Conditions: Moist/Well Drained Bloom Time: Apr Hardiness Zone: 3 TO 9. Adapts well to heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage. Distinctive curling, blackish bark exfoliates to reveal varied shades of orange, gray, and lavender, depending on the cultivar. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. PRIVACY POLICY|TERMS & CONDITIONS|SITE MAP. Flower Bloom Time: Spring Flower Size: 1-3 inches Flower Description: The River Birch has light green, 2 to 3 inch slim, cylindrical flowers and fruiting staminate catkins 2 to 3 inches long that bloom in early spring. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Without pruning, it … Full sun. Care Information: Avoid pruning in spring. Guarantee: Earl May Nursery Stock Guarantee River birch in bloom (L) with the male catkins most noticeable (R). River birch are tall, graceful-looking trees. Deciduous. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. Betula nigra ‘Dura Heat’ is a decidedly superior variety of River Birch. Still relatively short-lived when compared to many shade trees. The birch's leaves are oval, 1 to 4 inches long. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. The 3″ pendant male flowers are much more noticeable than the shorter, erect female catkins. Size - Large . Birch are available as single trunk trees or those with multi-trunks as clumps. 'Heritage' is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species (see Betula nigra 'Curly' HERITAGE). 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