You'll make any plant "pop" against the dark leaf color. It is widespread in eastern and central Canada from New Brunswick west to Saskatchewan and the northern United States from Maine to Montana, south as far as Colorado, Kansas, Indiana, and Virginia, with a few isolated populations in Tennessee and Utah. Like any plant, the purple leaf sand cherry can benefit from the added nutrients fertilizer provides, but it is by no means necessary if you have the proper soil conditions. Grows to be around 8-10' tall and wide. Prune down by 30 cm, late spring, every few years, to maintain a fresh look. Frost-tolerant, purple leaf sand cherries can be grown up to USDA Hardiness Zone 2a. Because of these unique characteristics and … Another great way to showcase the charm of Purpleleaf Sand Cherry trees is to use them in small groupings and mixed borders. Because of this, the purpleleaf sand cherry makes an excellent contrast tree. If it receives too much shade, the leaves will change to a bronze-green color too early on in the season (it normally happens in the fall). Sand cherry fruit is usually dark purple to black in color, indicating high anthocyanin levels, which suggest high antioxidant levels. The purple leaf sand cherry needs to be watered regularly and is not drought tolerant. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow Mexican Hat Plants (Ratibida columnifera), Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees, 19 Flowering, Fruiting Trees and Shrubs From the Prunus Genus, Purple Shamrock Plant Profile (Black Oxalis), 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping. [2] In 1993 it won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. This striking plant, also known as plum leaf sand cherry, is valued for its reddish-purple foliage and pale pink blooms. ... blackish, purple fruit; Propagation. Habitat. The tough hybrid doesn’t blink at droughts, hot summers, or cold winters. Fruit Type - Cherry-shaped fruit, globose. The purple leaf sand cherry is also at risk for several diseases, including honey fungus, verticillium wilt, black knot, cankers, powdery mildew, leaf spot, and bacterial leaf scorch. This easy care plant makes a great addition to the landscape. The Purple-leaf Sand Cherry is a classic medium-sized deciduous shrub with striking reddish-purple leaves. The tough and beautiful Prunus cerasifera Nigra, also known as the purple or black cherry plum, is a famous inner city choice, with its reliability in poor soils, spectacular spring blossom and great foliage colour.It's one of the first … Prunus × cistena, commonly called purple-leaf sand cherry, is an upright deciduous shrub that typically grows 6-10’ tall and 5-8’ wide. It is most noted for its reddish purple foliage that retains good color throughout the summer. The sand cherry tree is known for its purple leaves and white/pink spring blossoms. Fruit Color - Dark purple to black when mature. Seed - raw or cooked. Because of this, the purpleleaf sand cherry makes an excellent contrast tree. This is a hybrid shrub ( P. pumila x P. cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’) that was introduced in 1910 by Dr. N. E. Hansen at South Dakota State University. Purple leaf sand cherry care involves regular pruning. It also may be trained as a small tree. Crabapple trees will add color to the garden in all seasons with their flowers, … This is definitely a fast growing, medium-sized shrub that will make an excellent accent in your landscape. It can be planted close to paved surfaces and near utility lines and can also be used as a deciduous hedge. It's versatile and can be trained into either a single stem small tree form, or used as a natural shrub with lower branches. Though it prefers well-drained soil and a good dose of sunshine, it can pretty much adapt to any weather condition present in USDA hardiness zones three through eight. Both issues with pests and diseases can cause the plant to experience an abbreviated lifespan of just 10 to 15 years. Form (p) State means the State of New York. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Prunus × cistena, the purple leaf sand cherry or dwarf red-leaf plum, is a hybrid species of prune-cherry, the result of a cross between Prunus cerasifera (cherry plum or myrobalan plum) and Prunus pumila (sand cherry). Always remove any branches or twigs that are damaged or dead. The pear sawfly can also damage the leaves of purpleleaf sandcherry. I have planted purple de oro around the base. It starts out like a brown spot and eventually the whole leaf … These worm-like insects eat a layer of the leaf leaving the veins intact. Acer saccharum. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) This was the first season of bloom for this plant. The Nanking cherry is very popular as an edible bush cherry but its actually a different species than sand cherry. Some feed on the leaves creating irregular holes while the leaf roller wraps the leaves around them to feed. In spring white flowers with a pink blush signal the beginning of the new garden year. It is short-lived and prone to significant insect and disease problems. Plan your border around this centerpiece, and partner with spring bulbs, Daylilies, Russian Sage, Coneflower, Asters and Ornamental Grasses for a great look all year. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry blossoms. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark Details P. × cistena is an upright, bushy, medium-sized deciduous shrub with small, pinkish-white flowers. Purple-leaf sand cherry grows best in a semi-dry, fertile soil transplanting easily, and tolerating a wide range of soil types and conditions. https://www.thespruce.com/purple-leaf-sand-cherry-growing-profile-3269234 Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The spring flowers give way to purplish drupes that attract birds. It has a good purplish leaf color throughout summer. Read on for tips on how to prune a purple leaf sand cherry. The light pink and white flowers are soon replaced by black or purple fruits come mid-summer. [3], "Nazareth College, Purpleleaf Sand Cherry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_×_cistena&oldid=975573224, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 August 2020, at 08:01. Leaves red-purple, deepening in the summer and brighter in autumn Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. While there will never be a large cherry crop, the fruit is commonly used for making jams, jellies, and pie. The purple leaf sand cherry is a member of the Rosaceae family (so it's related to roses) and is actually a hybrid, having been developed at South Dakota University in 1910 from Prunus cerasifera (purple leaf plum) and Prunus pumila (sand cherry). However, this can also be trained as a small tree if desired. Purpleleaf Sand Cherry Rosaceae. Leaf Width - 1/2 to 1 inch. The fruit are edible, if strong-tasting. With occasional irrigation and pruning, you can expect year-round resiliency. A leggy bush or shrubby tree, it typically reaches a height of 1.5–2.5 meters and has a useful life of 10–20 years. Produces fragrant light pink to white flowers from late April to early May Features an attractive reddish-purple leaf coloring that lasts through the summer This shrub needs well-drained soil and prefers moist rich loams in full sun. Sometimes called Purple leaf Plum although the actual purple leaf plum is a tree. Additionally, it has no special humidity needs. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. 1 CRR-NY 140.1. Love the colors so far, should get better as the plants fill out. Additionally, the more sun the plant receives, the more lush its seasonal blooms will be. Purple leaf cherry plum Standard Trees . Unfortunately, the purple leaf sand cherry is especially susceptible to pests, including Japanese beetles which can do significant damage to its foliage. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Purpleleaf sand cherry, plum leaf sand cherry. 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