Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. Cultivars. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Low natural luster. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. It is used extensively in landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Prevents Bacterial Infections Birch essential oil contains salicylic acid and methyl salicylate, two compounds that are known […] This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. River Birch Tree Facts. 0000000016 00000 n The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. Step 1 The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301] Habitats Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Locust Hill, VA 23092. Uses. River birch … One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. 0000025773 00000 n 0000003902 00000 n 12 Unique DIY Projects Featuring Birch Wood. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. 0000002234 00000 n River birch is a native tree easily identified by its reddish, papery, peeling bark. The wood is also susceptible to insect attack. However, unlike hardwoods, birch does not last very long, so you will need more of the wood to keep the fire burning. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. %PDF-1.4 %���� River birch was first cultivated in 1736. One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. 5944 General Puller Hwy. 0000007935 00000 n Birch bark is naturally waterproof, and the seams of the canoe were sealed using pine resin. 0000002777 00000 n River birch wood can be used as firewood since it burns very hot and fast. Betula occidentalis, the water birch or red birch, is a species of birch native to western North America, in Canada from Yukon east to western Ontario and southwards, and in the United States from eastern Washington east to western North Dakota, [citation needed] and south to eastern California, northern Arizona and northern New Mexico, and southwestern Alaska. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. Add the cut bark to protection spells or drink birch beer if you feel you are under psychic attack. Don't forget to include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees. 0000006149 00000 n 0000005204 00000 n The attractive bark and its resistance to borers make river birch good for landscaping. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. Its bark is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly. The river birch is a favorite tree in the southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions. by using the site, you consent to these cookies. Heritage® (‘Cully’ PP4409) – This is the most prominent of all the cultivars. 0000004420 00000 n The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. x�b```a``�c`e`�. Although it tends to be a medium-sized tree, one tree in Alabama has grown to 111 feet tall, with a diameter of more than 4 feet. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. damage, but only drastically disturbed soils are likely to need fertility inputs. 0000009782 00000 n One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. Birch is a hardwood tree and its wood is fine-grained and pale in color which makes it very attractive because of the satin-like sheen. Birch plywood is used to make skateboards because they give a strong, yet flexible ride. Pricing/Availability: Likely to be rather economical in most instances. Name: River Birch (Betula nigra), also known as water birch, or black birch. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. Experiments in North Carolina did not indicate that it is desirable for commercial pulpwood production, but naturally occurring merchantable-sized trees are often harvested for pulpwood when mixed with other bottomland hardwoods. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees giving birch a dull. 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