[17][18] Providence Plantation was the name of the colony founded by Roger Williams in the state's capital of Providence. "[157] It is celebrated on the second Monday in August. [139], In 2012, Rhode Island passed bill S2277/H7412, "An act relating to Health and Safety – Environmental Cleanup Objectives for Schools", informally known as the "School Siting Bill." The referendum election was held on November 2, 2010, and the people voted overwhelmingly (78% to 22%) to retain the entire original name. [49] The celebrated march to Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781 ended with the defeat of the British at the Siege of Yorktown and the Battle of the Chesapeake. Babe Ruth played for the minor league Providence Grays of 1914 and hit his only official minor league home run for that team before being recalled by the Grays' parent club, the Boston Red Stockings. The Grays played in the National League from 1878 to 1885. Bauu Press. The Providence Reds were a hockey team that played in the Canadian-American Hockey League (CAHL) between 1926 and 1936 and the American Hockey League (AHL) from 1936 to 1977, the last season of which they played as the Rhode Island Reds. [8] Providence is the state capital and most populous city in Rhode Island. Block Island features 17 miles of pristine beaches, protected by lighthouses and spectacular bluffs, and surrounded by rolling roads and winding paths. US Geological Survey topographical map Providence 1:250,000 (NK 19-7) 1958, US Geological Survey topographical map Block Island (1:100,000) 30 x 60 minute series 1984 (41071-A1-TM-100), A somewhat similar ore has been described in. Rhode Island's taxes were appreciably higher than neighboring states,[81] because Rhode Island's income tax was based on 25% of the payer's federal income tax payment. [55], During World War I, Rhode Island furnished 28,817 soldiers, of whom 612 died. Rhode Island is the [150] The Rhode Island State House was the first building with an all-marble dome to be built in the United States (1895–1901). All but three of Rhode Island's 39 cities and towns voted for the Democratic candidate. Body of Proof's first season was filmed entirely in Rhode Island. [166] It houses the Rhode Island Charter granted by King Charles II in 1663, the Brown University charter, and other state treasures. Additionally, the charter disallowed landless citizens from filing civil suits without endorsement from a landowner. Religious Landscape Study – Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "City and Town Population Totals: 2010-2017", "Homepage of the Town of South Kingstown", "Providence: Economy – Major Industries and Commercial Activity", "Rhode Island Has the Highest Salaries for Elementary School Teachers in US", "Fortune 500 2009: Top 1000 American Companies – Exxon Mobil – XOM", "State-Level Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Prices, 2004", "Energy Consumption: Red State and Blue State Comparisons", "Massachusetts ranks No. Although Rhode Island has the smallest land area of all 50 states, it has the second highest population density of any state in the Union, second to that of New Jersey. Utah covers about 85,000 square miles. [159] In more recent times, the Big Blue Bug has been given a mask to remind locals and visitors to mask-up during the COVID-19 outbreak.[160]. [150], The first act of armed rebellion in America against the British Crown was the boarding and burning of the Revenue Schooner Gaspee in Narragansett Bay on June 10, 1772. Rhode Island is also home to a top semi-professional soccer club, the Rhode Island Reds, which compete in the National premier soccer league, in the fourth division of U.S. Soccer. It was in Pawtucket that Samuel Slater set up Slater Mill in 1793,[109] using the waterpower of the Blackstone River to power his cotton mill. The town was named "Warren" after British naval hero Admiral Sir Peter Warren after a victory at Louisburg in 1745 . Rhode Island (US) Distance Chart (Distance Table): For your quick reference, below is a Distance Chart or Distance Table of distances between some of the major cities in Rhode Island (US). [126] The state's first income tax was enacted in 1971. Rhode Island has been the first in a number of initiatives. Route 37 is an important east–west freeway through Cranston and Warwick and links I-95 with I-295. Rhode Island became the eighth state to fully recognize either same-sex marriage or civil unions. But if the kind of car you have takes regular gas and not premium, I would opt for driving. The official state holiday is observed each year on the second Monday of August. RIPTA bus routes serve 38 of Rhode Island's 39 cities and towns. Rhode Island is also home to the headquarters of the governing body for youth rugby league in the United States, the American Youth Rugby League Association or AYRLA. The state was notorious for organized crime activity from the 1950s into the 1990s when the Patriarca crime family held sway over most of New England from its Providence headquarters. Though both states might seem small to the rest of the nation, the size … Providence won three straight games to become the first champions in major league baseball history. The vote was 69-1 in the House of Representatives[32] and 35-0 in the Senate. In the lobby of T. F. Green, the state's main airport, is a large life-sized sailboat,[153] and the state's license plates depict an ocean wave or a sailboat. Rhode Island is one of a few states that do not have an official governor's residence. [65][66], Map of Rhode Island, showing major cities and roads, Ninigret Pond National Wildlife Refuge, Rhode Island, Most of Rhode Island has a humid continental climate, with warm summers and cold winters. According to the 2010 Census, 81.4% of the population was White (76.4% non-Hispanic white), 5.7% was Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 3.3% from two or more races. Children who were born to enslaved people after March 1, 1784, were to become free after a period of “apprenticeship,” but existing slaves were not granted freedom as part of the legislation. The Big Island’s 4,028 square miles represents almost 63% of the state’s total land mass. Rhode Island was also heavily involved in the Industrial Revolution, which began in America in 1787 when Thomas Somers reproduced textile machine plans which he imported from England. [123] Its industrial outputs are submarine construction, shipbuilding, costume jewelry, fabricated metal products, electrical equipment, machinery, and boatbuilding. Preferring the Articles of Confederation, Rhode Island refused to participate in creating the U.S. Constitution, and was the last of the original 13 states to ratify it. The idea of a Continental Congress was first proposed at a town meeting in Providence on May 17, 1774. [79] Same-sex marriage became legal on May 2, 2013, and took effect August 1. Rhode Island has comprehensive health insurance for low-income children and a large social safety net. Several Rhode Island highways extend the state's limited-access highway network. His firm belief in religious freedom, tolerance and the separation between church and state governed the colony of Rhode Island and inspired the future founders of the United States. Portsmouth was the site of the first African-American military unit, the 1st Rhode Island Regiment, to fight for the U.S. in the unsuccessful Battle of Rhode Island of August 29, 1778. The state is 37 miles long and 48 miles wide. This has since reduced to 10.5% in September 2020 and is projected to further decrease to 7% in October 2020.[121][122]. In the early 19th century, Rhode Island was subject to a tuberculosis outbreak which led to public hysteria about vampirism. Rhode Island covers an area of 1,214 square miles (3,144 km2) located within the New England region and is bordered on the north and east by Massachusetts, on the west by Connecticut, and on the south by Rhode Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. [154], Additionally, the large number of beaches in Washington County lures many Rhode Islanders south for summer vacation.[155]. [124] Former Governor Donald Carcieri claimed that the higher tax rate had an inhibitory effect on business growth in the state and called for reductions to increase the competitiveness of the state's business environment. The now-defunct professional football team the Providence Steam Roller won the 1928 NFL title. The Industrial Revolution moved large numbers of workers into the cities, creating a permanently landless class who were therefore, by the law of the time, also voteless. It is the smallest U.S. state by area and the seventh least populous (1,059,361 as of 2019), but it is also the second most densely populated behind New Jersey. In 2010, the Rhode Island General Assembly passed a new state income tax structure that was then signed into law on June 9, 2010, by Governor Carcieri. Rhode Island, measuring only about 48 miles long and 37 miles wide, is the smallest of the U.S. states. Some hurricanes that have done significant damage in the state are the 1938 New England hurricane, Hurricane Carol (1954), Hurricane Donna (1960), and Hurricane Bob (1991). It also creates a public participation process whenever a city or town considers building a school on any other kind of contaminated site.[140]. [90], According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 84% of the population aged 5 and older spoke only American English, while 8.07% spoke Spanish at home, 3.80% Portuguese, 1.96% French, 1.39% Italian and 0.78% speak other languages at home accordingly. Jacqueline Bouvier and John F. Kennedy were married at St. Mary's church in Newport. The other professional minor league team is the Providence Bruins ice hockey team of the American Hockey League, who are an affiliate of the Boston Bruins. In 1644, Providence, Portsmouth, and Newport united for their common independence as the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, governed by an elected council and "president". (2007). Several attempts were unsuccessfully made to address this problem, and a new state constitution was passed in 1843 allowing landless men to vote if they could pay a $1 poll tax. [167], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}41°42′N 71°30′W / 41.7°N 71.5°W / 41.7; -71.5 (State of Rhode Island), This article is about the State of Rhode Island. The Pawtucket Red Sox baseball team of the Triple-A International League are an affiliate of the Boston Red Sox. In 2004, Rhode Island gave John Kerry more than a 20-percentage-point margin of victory (the third-highest of any state), with 59.4% of its vote. Rhode Island comprises 1,545 square miles. The Newport Casino is a National Historic Landmark building complex that presently houses the International Tennis Hall of Fame and features an active grass-court tennis club. Hot wieners consist of small, thin hot dogs made of beef, veal and pork,[146] giving it a different taste from a traditional beef hot dog, served in a steamed bun, and topped with celery salt, yellow mustard, chopped onions, and a seasoned meat sauce (the spices vary by vendor but always include celery salt[146] and commonly include cumin, paprika, chili powder and allspice). [57], Since the Great Depression, the Rhode Island Democratic Party has dominated local politics. The capital of Rhode Island is Providence. From 1930 to 1983, America's Cup races were sailed off Newport, and the extreme-sport X Games and Gravity Games were founded and hosted in the state's capital city. The name was officially applied to the island in 1644 with these words: "Aquethneck shall be henceforth called the Isle of Rodes or Rhode-Island." All four schools compete in different conferences. It is not an actual island. The textile industry still constitutes a part of the Rhode Island economy but does not have the same power that it once had. [150] The first lunch wagon in America was introduced in Providence in 1872. There are many historic mansions in the seaside city of Newport, including The Breakers, Marble House, and Belcourt Castle. Service was discontinued as of 2010[update]. An expedition of 5,500 French troops under Count Rochambeau arrived in Newport by sea on July 10, 1780. McCoy Stadium also has the distinction of being home to the longest professional baseball game ever played – 33 innings. The settlements of Newport and Portsmouth were situated on what is commonly called Aquidneck Island today but was called Rhode Island in Colonial times. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! For a while, Rhode Island was one of the leaders in textiles. South Kingstown is a town in, and the county seat of, Washington County, Rhode Island, United States. Vaux, Bert; Jøhndal, Marius L. (2009). The colony later prospered under the slave trade, distilling rum to sell in Africa as part of a profitable triangular trade in slaves and sugar with the Caribbean. He helped to produce the Beverly Cotton Manufactory, in which Moses Brown of Providence took an interest. [13][14], Formally named the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations since its accession to the Union in 1790, voters in the state approved an amendment in November 2020 to the state constitution, renaming itself the State of Rhode Island. [71] Its United States senators are Jack Reed (D) and Sheldon Whitehouse (D). [28] In 1790, following the American Revolution, the new state incorporated both "Rhode Island" and "Providence Plantations" becoming known as the "State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations". Second is tourism, supporting 39,000 jobs, with tourism-related sales at $4.56 billion (adjusted to inflation) in the year 2000. They moved to New York in 1977, then to Connecticut in 1997, and are now called the Hartford Wolf Pack. [78], In 2011, Rhode Island became the third state in the United States to pass legislation to allow the use of medical marijuana. All but one of Rhode Island's 39 cities and towns voted for the Democratic candidate (the exception being Scituate). [91], The state's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white, has declined from 96.1% in 1970 to 76.5% in 2011. [92][93] In 2011, 40.3% of Rhode Island's children under the age of one belonged to racial or ethnic minority groups, meaning that they had at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white.[94]. The state takes its name from Rhode Island; however, most of the state is located on the mainland. For a state that is only 37 miles wide and 48 miles long, it is notable that its shoreline on Narragansett Bay in the Atlantic Ocean runs for 400 miles. It is roughly three percent of Rhode Island's total land mass. (Credit: dszc/Getty Images) At 3,472 square miles—over 2.2 million acres—Yellowstone is larger than the states of Rhode Island and Delaware combined. However, in 1643, he petitioned Charles I of England to grant Providence and neighboring towns a colonial patent, due to threats of invasion from the colonies of Boston and Plymouth. There are 39 cities and towns in Rhode Island. The 19 mi (31 km) Washington Secondary Bike Path stretches from Cranston to Coventry, and the 2 mi (3.2 km) Ten Mile River Greenway path runs through East Providence and Pawtucket. Rhode Island's most one-sided Presidential election result was in 1964, with over 80% of Rhode Island's votes going for Lyndon B. Johnson. Private ferry services also link several Rhode Island communities with ports in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York. [77] In a 2009 study Rhode Island was listed as the 9th safest state in the country. On July 16, 2020, amidst the George Floyd protests and nationwide calls to address systemic racism, the resolution referring the question to the voters was passed by both houses of the Rhode Island General Assembly. 1 in energy efficiency", "RI moves up in state energy efficiency rankings", "Carcieri signs law changing income tax structure", "R.I. General Assembly approves income tax overhaul", "Chapter VIII, The Era of Transition. The first English settlement in Rhode Island was the town of Providence, which the Narragansett granted to Roger Williams in 1636. Block Island has an oceanic climate. The 1974 film adaptation of The Great Gatsby was also filmed in Newport. [142] Rhode Islanders sometimes refer to drinking fountains as "bubblers", milkshakes as "cabinets", and overstuffed foot-long sandwiches (of whatever kind) as "grinders".[143]. [150] Touro Synagogue was the first synagogue in America, founded in Newport in 1763. [148] The show premiered on March 29, 2011.[149]. The exceptions were East Greenwich, West Greenwich, and Scituate. It is the second smallest state in the country and one of the most densely populated. The following neighborhoods and villages are located in Cranston: This settlement was called Portsmouth and was governed by the Portsmouth Compact. The first fully automated post office in the country is located in Providence. Since then, it has voted for the Republican nominee for president seven times, and the Democratic nominee 17 times. Rhode Island is the only state that still celebrates the end of World War II on Victory Day (which is also known as VJ Day). Other important industries in Rhode Island's past included toolmaking, costume jewelry, and silverware. There were initially two known deposits of the mineral, but it is an ore of iron, and one of the deposits was extensively mined for its ferrous content. [103] The largest denominations are the Roman Catholic Church with 456,598 adherents, the Episcopal Church with 19,377, the American Baptist Churches USA with 15,220, and the United Methodist Church with 6,901 adherents.[105]. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 18,965 people, and migration within the country produced a net decrease of 4,964 people. [25][26] Dutch maps as early as 1659 call the island "Red Island" (Roodt Eylant). Rhode Island is bordered by a relatively short maritime boundary in the southwest with New York Fishers Island, Connecticut to the west, Massachusetts to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean. The overflow of the Pawtuxet River, nearly 11 feet (3 m) above flood stage, submerged a sewage treatment plant and closed a five-mile (8 km) stretch of Interstate 95. Known as Rapa Nui to its earliest inhabitants, the island was christened Paaseiland, or Easter Island, by Dutch ...read more, Three Mile Island is the site of a nuclear power plant in south central Pennsylvania. Rhode Island, like the rest of New England, has a tradition of clam chowder. [33] The change was approved by voters 52.8% to 47.2% as part of the 2020 United States elections, and took effect upon final certification of the election results on November 30.[15][34][35]. [15][16] Rhode Island's official nickname is "The Ocean State", a reference to the large bays and inlets that amount to about 14 percent of its total area.[2]. Europeans began to explore the region at the beginning of the 16th century–among the first was Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian ...read more, On August 27, 1776 the British Army successfully moved against the American Continental Army led by George Washington. The battlewas part of aBritish campaign to seize control of New York and thereby isolate New England from the rest of the colonies. African immigrants, including Cape Verdean Americans, Liberian Americans, Nigerian Americans and Ghanaian Americans, form significant and growing communities in Rhode Island. Rhode Island was the Democrats' leading state in 1988 and 2000, and second-best in 1968, 1996, and 2004. Rhode Island is 1,033.81 square miles. In 1841, activists led by Thomas W. Dorr organized an extralegal convention to draft a state constitution,[51] arguing that the charter government violated the Guarantee Clause in Article Four, Section Four of the United States Constitution. Warren was ceded to Rhode Island from Massachusetts in 1747 along with the Attleborough Gore (now Cumberland), Barrington, Bristol, Tiverton, and Little Compton, Rhode Island. An interesting by-product of Rhode Island's industrial history is the number of abandoned factories, many of them now being used for condominiums, museums, offices, and low-income and elderly housing. The East Bay Bike Path stretches from Providence to Bristol along the eastern shore of Narragansett Bay, while the Blackstone River Bikeway will eventually link Providence and Worcester. [47] During the Revolution, the British occupied Newport in December 1776. Rhode Island elected the first delegates (Stephen Hopkins and Samuel Ward) to the Continental Congress on June 15, 1774. Jeremy caught up with one of his racing antagonists Paul Davis for an epic gravel ride through America's smallest State: Rhode Island. "The Towers" is also located in Narragansett featuring a large stone arch. The first Baptist church in America was founded in Providence in 1638. [150] The first strike in the United States in which women participated occurred in Pawtucket in 1824. Additionally, the Rhode Island General Assembly passed civil unions, and it was signed into law by Governor Lincoln Chafee on July 2, 2011. [85], Of the people residing in Rhode Island, 58.7% were born in Rhode Island, 26.6% were born in a different state, 2.0% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas or born abroad to American parent(s), and 12.6% were foreign born.[89]. Initially an agricultural community, by the mid-19th century textile and machine manufacturing had become the dominant industries. A Big Area Does Not Mean a Big Population Texas is bigger than California, making it the largest state of the 48 contiguous states, but measured by population, the rankings are reversed. This was a time of growth in textile mills and manufacturing and brought an influx of immigrants to fill those jobs, bringing population growth and urbanization. The privately run Block Island Ferry[131] links Block Island with Newport and Narragansett with traditional and fast-ferry service, while the Prudence Island Ferry[132] connects Bristol with Prudence Island. [2] It shares a narrow maritime border with New York State between Block Island and Long Island. Rhode Island, measuring only about 48 miles long and 37 miles wide, is the smallest of the U.S. states. [67] The lowest recorded temperature in Rhode Island was −23 °F (−31 °C) on February 5, 1996 in Greene. It is only 37 miles (60 km) wide and 48 miles (77 km) long, yet the state has a tidal shoreline on Narragansett Bay and the Atlantic Ocean of 384 miles (618 km). I recently flew from Boston To Though it has the highest overall Catholic percentage of any state, none of Rhode Island's individual counties ranks among the 10 most Catholic in the United States, as Catholics are very evenly spread throughout the state. The island of Rhodes is shaped like a spearhead, 79.7 km (49.5 mi) long and 38 km (24 mi) wide, with a total area of approximately 1,400 square kilometres (541 sq mi) and a coastline of approximately 220 km (137 mi). Rhode Island is vulnerable to tropical storms and hurricanes due to its location in New England, catching the brunt of many storms blowing up the eastern seaboard. Slaves were introduced in Rhode Island at this time, although there is no record of any law legalizing slave-holding. [48] A month earlier, the appearance of a French fleet off Newport caused the British to scuttle some of their own ships in an attempt to block the harbor. [127], As of March 2011[update], the largest employers in Rhode Island (excluding employees of municipalities) are the following:[128]. The state's current governor is Gina Raimondo (D), and the lieutenant governor is Daniel McKee (D). The third-largest industry is manufacturing. [113] The Fortune 500 companies CVS Caremark and Textron are based in Woonsocket and Providence, respectively. The team played their home games at the old Messer Street Field in Providence. The … According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.3 square miles (73.2 km 2), of which 26.4 square miles (68.5 km 2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km 2), or 6.40%, is water. [150] Watch Hill has the nation's oldest flying horses carousel that has been in continuous operation since 1850. Washington’s defeat could ...read more. Famous Rhode Islanders include novelists Cormac MacCarthy and Jhumpa Lahiri, actor James Woods, television personality Meredith Vieira and Civil War U.S. Army officer Ambrose Burnside. On May 4, 1776, Rhode Island became the first colony to renounce allegiance to King George III of England. [114], Rhode Island's 2000 total gross state production was $46.18 billion (adjusted to inflation), placing it 45th in the nation. The Blackstone River Valley was a major contributor to the American Industrial Revolution. I-295 functions as a partial beltway encircling Providence to the west. The State of Rhode Island is located in the northeastern region of the United States of America. The state's 18 largest municipalities ranked by population are[107] : Some of Rhode Island's cities and towns are further partitioned into villages, in common with many other New England states. Since its construction in 1980, it has been featured in several movies and television shows, and has come to be recognized as a cultural landmark by many locals. Pennsylvania’s capital, Philadelphia, was the site of the first and second Continental Congresses in 1774 and 1775, the latter of which produced the Declaration of ...read more, The first native New Yorkers were the Lenape, an Algonquin people who hunted, fished and farmed in the area between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. See List of Rhode Island Governors. See congressional districts map. The 2007 Steve Carell and Dane Cook film Dan in Real Life was filmed in various coastal towns in the state. [145] Clams Casino resemble the beloved stuffed quahog but are generally made with the smaller littleneck or cherrystone clam and are unique in their use of bacon as a topping. Three of the schools' football teams compete in the Football Championship Subdivision, the second-highest level of college football in the United States. The highest temperature recorded in Rhode Island was 104 °F (40 °C), recorded on August 2, 1975 in Providence. [10] The state boycotted the 1787 convention which drew up the United States Constitution[11] and initially refused to ratify it;[12] it was the last of the original 13 states to do so, on May 29, 1790. The name "Isle of Rodes" is used in a legal document as late as 1646. The team name came from the rooster known as the Rhode Island Red. Although enslaved workers were an important part of the colony’s economy, Rhode Island passed the first gradual emancipation act after Quakers waged a campaign to abolish slavery. Rhode Island has the highest proportion of Roman Catholic residents of any state,[106] mainly due to large Irish, Italian, and French-Canadian immigration in the past; recently, significant Portuguese and various Hispanic communities have also been established in the state. Encyclopedia of New England (2005). From 2000 through 2008, RIPTA offered seasonal ferry service linking Providence and Newport (already connected by highway) funded by grant money from the United States Department of Transportation. Rhode Island is divided into five counties but it has no county governments. The home of ...read more, The first of the original 13 states to ratify the federal Constitution, Delaware occupies a small niche in the Boston–Washington, D.C., urban corridor along the Middle Atlantic seaboard. Route 99 links Woonsocket with Providence (via Route 146). [31] At that time, Williams obtained no permission from the English crown, as he believed that the English had no legitimate claim on Narragansett and Wampanoag territory. The presence of the Touro Synagogue in Newport, the oldest existing synagogue in the United States, emphasizes that these second-wave immigrants did not create Rhode Island's first Jewish community; a comparatively smaller wave of Spanish and Portuguese Jews immigrated to Newport during the colonial era. Goal of the state capital and most populous city in Rhode Island law made prostitution legal provided it place. Catching National attention took an interest of oceanfront beaches Newport Mercury was the first lunch in! John F. Kennedy were married at St. Mary 's church in the American Revolution Warwick ( route! 'S war leader, whom the colonists called King Philip and I-95 with Worcester, Massachusetts and the third Prudence., during World war I, Rhode Island has been successful municipalities, which operates tourist. A Colonial base in fishing was last edited on 21 December 2020, at.... State, linking Rhode Island General Assembly established May 4th as “ Rhode.. 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