Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. Alpine currant (Ribes alpinum) is a small deciduous shrub in the gooseberry family that is characterized by trilobed leaves and dense green foliage.They are dioecious (having both male and female plants) and the female plants produce bright red berries during the midsummer months. My mom's black currant bush used to produce well in the same area and I have red currants in abundance, just no black." This fungus I looked up on the internet and it is supposed to affect apple trees negatively. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Plant currants slightly deeper than they grew in their nursery container, and space them 4 to 5 feet (1 to 1.5 m.) apart. Vigorous, productive and disease resistant. Ribes nigrum, the blackcurrant, is a medium-sized shrub, growing to 1.5 by 1.5 metres (5 by 5 ft).The leaves are alternate, simple, 3 to 5 cm (1 1 ⁄ 4 to 2 in) broad and long with five palmate lobes and a serrated margin.All parts of the plant are strongly aromatic. It bears deep green leaves 2” wide, each with 3-5 lobes. Add additional mulch every year to bring it up to the proper depth. of organic mulch around the plants. Currants grow well in sun or partial shade, and appreciate afternoon shade in warm climates. The shrubs have several identifying features, including smell, shape, height, clustering pattern, flowers, and leaf patterns. As the infection worsens, leaves fall off the currant bush. from the trunk of the shrub. With their uniquely shaped foliage, the currant bush can even be used as a fruiting hedge, planted to offer a charming edible landscape to any property. Vigorous, productive plants, currants require deep, fertile soil. Currants are small berries that pack a lot of nutrition. Currants can also be eaten fresh – and are especially healthy since they’re high in both Vitamin C and antioxidants. The junipers have fungus that is a jello-like feel and is bright orange during damp weather. Suggestions? Basic Black Currant facts. It is a good idea to plant currant bushes in fall or until spring, while avoiding frost spells. Once infected it is important to make sure that you clean up all the leaf material and dispose of it. They need well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter and a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. Eggs hatch in early spring, and the insects feed by sucking out the plant juices, which results in stunted and distorted new growth. This viral disease appears as a chlorotic pattern (light and dark areas) on the leaves. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. I transplanted a fairly large Black currant bush two years ago from my friend's garden. With a small number of ticks, currant bushes are sprayed with garlic infusion. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – April Harvest – July-August. Dried currants are becoming increasingly popular as a snack. Some of the damage on the leaves looks like sun scald and will not affect the long-term health of the plants. Currant Mosaic. Located nearby, 6' away, are junipers. If they are all planted close together with poor air circulation and there is wet weather that can be a problem. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. The rust affects leaves, stems, and fruit but is commonly found on the leaves and leaf petioles. Here is more info about growing and caring for currents. Reds and pinks are used primarily in jams and jellies because they are quite tart. Currant borer is the larvae of the currant clearwing moth. Wild currants are closely related to gooseberries. The currant bush "signals" about its diseases: the leaves turn yellow, dry and fall, berries dry, the trunk begins to rot. Located nearby, 6' away, are junipers. Sign up for our newsletter. Now, mid July, currant bush leaves almost all yellow and dropping. Jeff Lowenfels: I got tons of emails about caterpillars stripping the leaves off gooseberries and currants. You also would need to create more air circulation around the plants, pruning and moving some would be a good idea. St. Paul backyard has several red currant bushes, all grouped together, about 4' x 6' total. Blackcurrant is a shrub that produces a delicious fruit: sweet black currant berries. It forms a thick shrub with branches all the way to ground level. If you’re planting in spring, water more regularly during the first months, because your shrub will need more water to develop its roots over the summer months.. To make a hedge, keep a distance of around 3 feet (1 meter) between plants. While I'm happy to see how resilient this plant is and that even in its first year it produced some fruit, I noticed that the issue we had last year (and I wrote it off to the stress of transplanting and very dry spring and summer) came back. If you have one of these plants, you have the problem. Ribes laurifolium (laurel-leaved currant) is an attractive dwarf evergreen that does well in a rock garden. Pruning currant shrubs annually is helpful for the plant as well in both maintaining its form and inducing a bigger, healthier harvest each year. Currant bushes (Ribes) are thornless understory shrubs, growing in USDA hardiness zones 3-8.They can grow 3-6 feet wide and tall, and can range in color from red, white, pink, or black. The caterpillar of this fly is a voracious eater and a handful of them can eat an entire plant in no time. 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